Honduras General Information

Honduras General Information

Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After decades of military rule, a civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a refuge for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Nicaraguan Government and an ally to the Salvadoran Government fighting the guerrillas.

Capital of Honduras

Tegucigalpa

Currency Lempira, exchange rate:

1 US$ = 19.05 Lempira, L (1 January 2012).

Administrative divisions

18 departments; Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle and Yoro.

Population

7.5 millions growth rate 2.1% (2007 est.). Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%.

Languages

Spanish, Amerindian dialects.

Religions

Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%.

Climate

Subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains.

Geography

112,090 sq. km. Mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains.

National Anthem

Watch to the National Anthem of Honduras

Public holidays

January 1 – New Years Day.
March/April – Holy Saturday and Good Friday.
April 14 – Americas Day.
May 1 – Labor Day.
September 15 – Independence Day (1821 from Spain).
October 3 – Soldier Day.
October 12 – Ethnic Day.
October 21 – Army Day.
December 25 – Christmas Day.

Newspapers

Diario Tiempo |  El Heraldo |  Honduras This Week |  La Prensa |  La Tribuna

Natural resources

Timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower.

Industries

Sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products.

Agriculture products

Bananas, coffee, citrus, beef, timber, shrimp.

GDP

US$ 22.5 billion, real growth rate 6%, per capita US$ 3,100 (2006 est.).

Exports

US$ 2 billion (f.o.b., 2006 est.). Coffee, shrimp, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber.