Honduras General Information

Honduras General Information

Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After decades of military rule, a civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a refuge for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Nicaraguan Government and an ally to the Salvadoran Government fighting the guerrillas.

Capital of Honduras


Currency Lempira, exchange rate:

1 US$ = 19.05 Lempira, L (1 January 2012).

Administrative divisions

18 departments; Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle and Yoro.


7.5 millions growth rate 2.1% (2007 est.). Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%.


Spanish, Amerindian dialects.


Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3%.


Subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains.


112,090 sq. km. Mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains.

National Anthem

Watch to the National Anthem of Honduras

Public holidays

January 1 – New Years Day.
March/April – Holy Saturday and Good Friday.
April 14 – Americas Day.
May 1 – Labor Day.
September 15 – Independence Day (1821 from Spain).
October 3 – Soldier Day.
October 12 – Ethnic Day.
October 21 – Army Day.
December 25 – Christmas Day.


Diario Tiempo |  El Heraldo |  Honduras This Week |  La Prensa |  La Tribuna

Natural resources

Timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower.


Sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products.

Agriculture products

Bananas, coffee, citrus, beef, timber, shrimp.


US$ 22.5 billion, real growth rate 6%, per capita US$ 3,100 (2006 est.).


US$ 2 billion (f.o.b., 2006 est.). Coffee, shrimp, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber.