El Salvador General Information

El Salvador General Information

El Salvador is a democratic country with a developing economy. Tourism facilities are not fully developed. The country has one of the highest homicide rates in the world. But the crime usually affects rival gangs, tourists are rarely involved.

Capital of El Salvador

San Salvador

Currency Colon, exchange rate:

1 US$ = 8.75 Salvadoran Colons, C (fixed rate). The Colon is just a theoretical currency, in practice the US dollar is the only used to pay.

Administrative divisions

14 departments; Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, Santa Ana, San Vicente, Sonsonate, Usulutan.


5.9 millions, growth rate 1.69% (2007 est.). Ethnic groups: Mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%.




Roman Catholic 83%.


Tropical; rainy season from May to October; dry season from November to April; tropical on coast; temperate in uplands.


21,040 sq. km. Mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau.

National Anthem

Watch to the National Anthem of El Salvador

Public holidays

January 1 – New Years Day.
March/April – Holy Saturday and Good Friday.
May 1 – Labor Day.
June 30 – Bank Holiday.
August – Festival of San Salvador.
September 15 – Independence Day (1821 from Spain).
October 12 – Columbus Day.
November 2 – All the Saints Day.
November 5 – First cry of Independence.
December 25 – Christmas Day.


La Prensa Grafica |  El Diario de Hoy |  CoLatino |  El Faro |  El Economista

Natural resources

Hydropower, geothermal power, arable land.


Food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals.

Agriculture products

Coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum, beef, dairy products, shrimp.


US$ 33.7 billion, real growth rate 4.2%, per capita US$ 4,900 (2006 est.).


US$ 3.6 billion (f.o.b., 2006 est.). Offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity.